Ponferrada is the 2nd most inhabited town of the Province of León, is likewise the capital city of El Bierzo, the only comarca acknowledged as an administrative entity by law in the area.
Surrounded by mountains, the city straddles the course of the Sil River. It is the last significant town on the Camino de Santiago’s French path before it reaches Santiago de Compostela.
Ponferrada originates from the Latin Pons Ferrata, Iron Bridge.
They were dominated by Emperor Augustus in the Astur-Cantabrian Wars (29-19 BC). The location rapidly ended up being the most critical mining center of the Empire throughout the Roman duration, where gold and other metals and minerals were drawn out. Various Roman mining websites are still noticeable in the location, one of the most incredible being Las Médulas, a UNESCO World Heritage Site considering that 1997. Likewise, Romans imported grapevines, and white wine production grew in the area until the proliferation of Phylloxera at the end of the 19th century, which damaged the bulk of the vineyards.
The contemporary name of the city originates from the iron supports contributed to the ancient bridge over the river Sil (Latin pons for “bridge” and Ferrata for “iron”) and commissioned in 1082 by Bishop Osmundo of Astorga to help with the crossing of the Sil River to pilgrims in their method to Santiago de Compostela.
In 1918 the Ponferrada Mining, Iron and Steel Company (Spanish: Minero Siderúrgica de Ponferrada (MSP)) was established to make use of coal deposits. It grew to end up being Spain’s biggest coal mining corporation. The Spanish National Energy Corporation (Endesa) was established in 1944, and in 1949 it opened Spain’s first coal-fueled power plant in Ponferrada, Compostilla I.
Beginning in the late 1980s, most mines were closed. After the collapse of the mining market, Ponferrada was for a while in a crisis. In the late 1990s, the city went through a significant change with the facility in the town of several commercial and services companies, the reintroduction of industrial white wine production, the opening of a regional branch of the University of León using several undergraduate degrees, and in essence an extreme enhancement of the town’s facilities. The economy is now based generally on tourists, farming (fruit and white wine), wind power generation, and slate mining, with a continuous, however, moderate population boost.
Essential elements contributing to the current boom of the tourist market are the increasing appeal of the Way of St. James (Spanish: Camino de Santiago. A trip path that goes from France to Santiago de Compostela, Galicia), the classification in 1997 of Las Médulas as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the advancement of rural tourist accommodations and wineries in the location. The Energy City Foundation Spanish: Fundación Ciudad de la Energía was developed in Ponferrada in 2006 and is presently managing the building of the National Energy Museum (Spanish: Museo Nacional de la Energía) in the city, as well as sponsoring several other efforts that ought to even more enhance tourist and the economy of the town and its area.
Ponferrada has a warm-summer Mediterranean environment (Köppen Csb), with cold, damp winter seasons and warm to hot, dry summertimes.
The Sil as it goes through Ponferrada.
Its average yearly temperature level is 19 ° C (66 ° F) throughout the day and 7 ° C (45 ° F) during the night. Throughout the coldest month, January, the average temperature level is 9 ° C (48 ° F) throughout the day and 1 ° C (34 ° F) in the evening. In the hottest month, July, the average temperature level is 29 ° C (84 ° F) throughout the day and 14 ° C (57 ° F) in the evening.
Throughout the winter, Temperatures usually vary between 5 and 15 ° C (41 and 59 ° F). Throughout the day and between -2 and 5 ° C (28 and 41 ° F) during the night. Nights below freezing are extremely typical throughout this duration. Snowfall happens practically every year with approximately 4-5 snow days every winter season, although heavy snowfalls are unusual in the city.
Throughout the summertime, temperature levels usually vary between 25 and 32 ° C (77 and 90 ° F). Throughout the day and between 12 and 17 ° C (54 to 63 ° F) in the evening. It is not unusual that the temperature level goes beyond 35 ° C (95 ° F) throughout heatwaves. The sky is typically clear throughout this duration with periodic storms.
Spring and fall are moderate to damp and warm. Temperature levels typically vary between 14 and 25 ° C (57 and 77 ° F). Throughout the day and between 4 and 10 ° C (39 and 50 ° F) during the night.
The highest temperature level ever tape-recorded in Ponferrada was 40.4 ° C (104.7 ° F) on July 27, 1951, and the most affordable -10.4 ° C (13.3 ° F) on January 4, 1971.
1. Ponferrada depends on the Way of St. James, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Every year, lots of pilgrims go through the city in their method to Santiago de Compostela. Las Médulas, ancient Roman cash cows likewise consisted of in the UNESCO World Heritage Site List, are just a few kilometers far from the city.
2. The facade of the Templar Castle, integrated in the 12th century.
Ponferrada is likewise kept in mind for its Castillo de Los Templarios, a Templar castle covering around 16,000 square meters. In 1178, Ferdinand II of León contributed the city to the Templar order for safeguarding the pilgrims en route of St. James. The latter traveled through El Bierzo in their roadway to Santiago de Compostela.
3. The castle hosted the Knights Templar’s Grand Master of Castile. The Catholic Monarchs integrated Ponferrada and its castle into the Crown in 1486. As with numerous other historic websites in Europe, several blocks that formed the walls of the castle were eliminated and utilized in regional building tasks.
4. The Basilica de la Encina is a church integrated into the Renaissance design in 1573. Its baroque tower dates from 1614.
The National Energy Museum (Spanish: Museo Nacional de la Energía) is presently under the building, sponsored by the Energy City Foundation (Spanish: Fundación Ciudad de la Energía). It will consist of the brought back structure and devices of Compostilla I, Spain’s very first coal-fueled power plant opened in 1949 in Ponferrada.
5. The church of Santiago de Peñalba (an example of Mozarabic art), the Hermitage of Santo Tomás de las Ollas (10th century), and the Romanesque Church of Santa María de Vizcaya are likewise close by.
6. The most magnificent view from the city is the Torre de la Rosaleda, in the Rosaleda district, the highest structure in Ponferrada.
The Aquilianos mountains with El Morredero peak to the the city and its environments provide numerous chances for outside activities. There are multiple quickly available hiking and biking paths close by, both on and off-road. Consisting of the 330 kilometers long La Mirada Circular, which circles the entire El Bierzo valley. El Morredero peak (2135 m), 20 km from Ponferrada in the Aquilianos mountains, hosts a little ski resort. It is possible to check out numerous wineries in the location to attempt the regional red wines and food, or merely go to the vineyards.
Ponferrada hosts its yearly celebration (Fiestas de La Encina) throughout the very first week of September with lots of performances and activities for grownups and specifically kids. In July, it arranges an incredibly popular Templar Night in its Templar Castle (individuals dress up and recreate town life throughout the 14th century). The city likewise organizes music and movie theater celebrations. It hosts the yearly Golden Microphone (Spanish: Premios Micrófono de Oro) awards event.
The city hosts a local museum (El Bierzo Museum), a radio museum (Museum of Radio), and the National Energy Museum. Each year the town hosts music and movie theater celebrations and hosts the yearly Golden Microphone (Spanish: Premios Micrófono de Oro) awards event.
El Toralín, the home turf of SD Ponferradina.
The regional football group, SD Ponferradina presently plays in the Spanish 2nd Division. The group had bet the majority of its History in the 2nd Division B and 3rd Division of the Spanish Football League. Nevertheless, in the 2006– 07 seasons, the group was promoted for the first time to the 2nd Division, rather an accomplishment for a medium-sized city. There are many intramural and local leagues in football and other sports, including basketball, futsal, and games. The city’s sports arena is named after the previous 800m world champion Colomán Trabajo. Ponferrada hosted the 2014 UCI Road World Championships from 21 to September 28, 2014. The city was selected to arrange it, on September 21, 2011.
Ponferrada is quickly available by highway (Autovía A-6). Intercity public transport is readily offered, as are numerous day-to-day ALSA bus services. León Airport is the closest, while airports in Santiago, A Coruña, Asturias, Valladolid, and Madrid Barajas supply choices for worldwide and nationwide flights.
Ponferrada train station supplies rail services to the city that are used by RENFE. Guest trains connect the city with significant population centers in Spain, consisting of Madrid or Barcelona.
Ponferrada likewise has a city bus network called TUP (Transporte Urbano de Ponferrada). It consists of 8 lines on the weekdays and five lines on the joyful days that link all the areas with the city center or the Bierzo’s Hospital. The bus fleet is made up of Mercedes-Benz Citaro buses and Iveco Swing minibosses.
Its average yearly temperature level is 19 ° C (66 ° F) throughout the day and 7 ° C (45 ° F) at night. Throughout the coldest month, January, the average temperature level is 9 ° C (48 ° F) throughout the day and 1 ° C (34 ° F) at night. In the hottest month, July, the average temperature level is 29 ° C (84 ° F) throughout the day and 14 ° C (57 ° F) at night.
Throughout the winter season, temperatures usually differ between 5 – 15 ° C (41 – 59 ° F), then throughout the day and in between -2 to 5 ° C (28 – 41 ° F) at night. Throughout the summer, temperature levels usually differ between 25 – 32 ° C (77 – 90 ° F) then throughout the day and in between 12 – 17 ° C (54 – 63 ° F) at night.